Refugees and migrants to Australia
- Pre-migration sexually transmitted infection (STI) and blood borne virus (BBV) screening varies according to entry visa status.
- Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) screening is done as part of the health assessment when applying for a permanent visa for people ≥ 15 years, unaccompanied humanitarian minors, international adoptees, clinical symptoms or if another BBV/STI is diagnosed. This screening may have occurred before arrival and no further testing post arrival may have occurred.
- Syphilis screening is conducted for people ≥ 15 years applying for offshore or onshore protection visas (Refugee entrants). Published data do not support universal STI screening for newly arrived refugees (less than 6 months in Australia).
- Applicants for temporary visas to Australia are not normally required to undergo HIV testing or other STI screening except for certain groups (e.g. applicants intending to work as, or studying to be, a doctor, dentist, nurse or paramedic) or if clinically indicated.
- All refugees and migrants should be encouraged to have catch-up immunisation in Australia including hepatitis B and human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines as indicated.