People in custodial settings
- People in custodial settings are often from marginalised and disproportionally criminalised groups, including Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, people who use drugs, sex workers, trans and gender diverse people, and people from culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) backgrounds.
- Injecting drug use and unsafe tattooing occur in custodial settings. Given the lack of appropriate and accessible harm reduction measures, incarceration is a risk factor for blood borne virus (BBV) infection and sexually transmitted infection (STI) transmission.
- Unwanted sex, including sexual assault, can occur in custodial settings; additionally people may engage in different sexual practices (prison sex, including sex between men) from when they are in the general community.
- There is a high prevalence of BBVs, especially hepatitis C, among people in custodial settings.