Pregnant people


  • Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and blood borne viruses (BBVs) in pregnancy are associated with significant morbidity and mortality, including spontaneous abortion, fetal demise, premature labour, low birth weight and neonatal infection.
  • Many STIs and BBVs are asymptomatic and people may be unaware of their risk of infection or may be unwilling to disclose risk.
  • Antenatal STI and BBV testing offers the opportunity for early detection; prompt and appropriate management; prevention or reduction of adverse outcomes for the fetus or neonate; prevention of long-term sequelae in the parent; informed antenatal care; patient education and contact tracing.
  • RANZCOG recommends a risk-based assessment for some STIs but it is important to be aware of local epidemiology and guidelines.
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) can occur in pregnancy and may be misdiagnosed. Do STI tests in pregnant person with new or abnormal genital discharge, bleeding, or pelvic pain.