Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander People


  • Higher rates of sexually transmitted infections and blood borne viruses occur among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, particularly in remote and very remote communities.
  • Routine testing is important as STI rates are largely driven by social factors including poverty, lack of access to health services, incarceration and intergenerational trauma.
  • People who live in urban settings and who have a connection to higher prevalence remote communities with poorer access to health care, are also at an increased risk of infection.
  • Trichomoniasis is endemic in some rural and remote populations and people should be tested according to local guidelines.
  • Although rates of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are similar to the non-Indigenous population, a recent diverging trend in HIV rates, high rates of untreated STIs enhancing HIV transmission, and greater difficulties in access to HIV treatment make this group potentially more vulnerable to HIV.