• High prevalence in men who have sex with men. 
  • Higher prevalence in some Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities, particularly in remote and very remote locations.
  • Increasing prevalence in general population, especially in women of reproductive age
  • Syphilis in pregnant people has led to the re-emergence of congenital syphilis. If diagnosed during pregnancy, seek urgent specialist advice and ensure urgent and active recall for treatment.
  • There are multiple ongoing outbreaks across Australia, especially in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities in remote areas.
  • Syphilis registries can provide information and support in some states and territories.