Useful Resource - Trans and Gender Diverse Sexual Health Care e-learning
- Ask patients their preferred name, pronouns and preferred names for anatomical sites which could be front hole rather than vagina or genitals; avoid assumptions about sexual practices and partners.
- Offer screening based on anatomy, sexual practices and patient preference and explain why you are asking what you are asking e.g. people with a vagina may be offered a self-collected vaginal swab or a first pass urine which may be considered less invasive if someone has genital dysphoria.
- People with a neovagina (i.e. surgically created vagina) should be offered first pass urine testing.
- One way to ask about screening is to say, ‘People can get chlamydia and gonorrhoea in the urine, throat, bum and cervix. You can do your own swabs of these sites if needed. Would you like testing for any of these sites today?
NAAT – nucleic acid amplification test
Clinical indicators for testing
- People who request STI testing
- People who have symptoms
- People who are at increased risk of STI: new sexual partner, living or travelling to areas of higher prevalence in Australia or in other countries
- People with a known exposure to any STI or history of an STI within the past 12 months
- People with a partner of a special subpopulation or any of the above.
- Cervical screening testing should be offered as per Australian guidelines for people with a cervix. Self-collected human papillomavirus (HPV) testing may be suitable for people who are underscreened. People with neovaginas do not require screening.
- Testosterone is not adequate contraception for people with a uterus. There are various hormonal and non-hormonal options that can be offered in this situation.
- Similarly, use of oestrogen and progesterone by people with testes does not guarantee contraception.
- Atrophic vaginitis is common in trans men and causes an inflammatory discharge.
- Use of hormone therapy does not affect STI screening, but it can affect the vaginal microbiome and the interpretability of vaginal microscopy to investigate vaginal discharge.
- Testosterone may affect lubrication and additional lubrication may be required for any internal testing or screening. Some trans people may refuse internal screening, even with lubrication, and other screening solutions should be found in these instances.