Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander People

Overview

  • Disproportionate rates of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) (chlamydia, gonorrhoea, infectious syphilis, trichomonas and hepatitis B) occur among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, particularly in remote and very remote communities. Co-infection of STIs is common in remote and very remote areas.
  • People who live in urban settings and who have a sexual network connection to remote communities, are also at an increased risk of infection.
  • Trichomoniasis is endemic in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander populations in regional/remote areas.
  • Although rates of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are similar to the non-Indigenous population, a recent diverging trend in HIV rates, high rates of untreated STIs enhancing HIV transmission, and greater difficulties in access to HIV treatment make this group potentially more vulnerable to HIV.